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Formatting | General ∨
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References (Section Formatting) *Required
Examples: First Page || Continuing Pages || References as a Subsection of a Chapter


All theses/dissertations contain references. These references provide detailed information on the published material (books, journals, websites, etc.) cited within the manuscript. Your reference style will be specified by the style guide or journal style being used by your discipline and should be consistent throughout the manuscript.

The most common ways to list references include:
  1. References for the entire manuscript are listed in a separate chapter as a main section. (This is typically the last chapter before the Appendices.)
  2. References are listed as the last subsection of a chapter. (The references section will be a 2nd order heading and will follow the text of the previous sections. It will not begin at the top of a new page.)

General Formatting
Reference Formatting (As a Major Section)
Reference Formatting (As a Subsection of a Chapter)