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ETD Process Requirements
ETD Process Checklists
ETD Formatting Requirements
ETD Quick Links
Click here for a PDF example of the various ways to style headings.
All theses/dissertations should have multiple orders (levels) of headings. Headings help the reader navigate through
the manuscript. As the orders progress, the content described within the section typically becomes more specific. Most
style guides suggest a maximum of six orders.
Each order should be styled differently - be it centered or left-aligned, boldface, italic, underlined, or even indented.
Different capitalization schemes can also be used to differentiate between orders. This is the reason you must be consistent
in the style and position of each order of heading.
It is also required that the text used in each order of heading is listed (and matches word-for-word) in the Table of Contents.
1st-Order Headings (Chapter Headings)
All 1st-order headings (also called chapter headings or major headings) must begin on a new page and be positioned 2" from the top edge of
the page (1" below the 1" top margin).
Use the Enter key to space down 1" from the top margin. (Depending on the font and format, this will be
between 3-4 single-spaced lines, or 2 double-spaced lines.)
2nd- to 6th-Order Headings (Sub-Headings)
All other headings should follow continuously and should not begin on a new page (unless the heading is orphaned at the
bottom of the previous page - then you would push it to the top of the following page - 1" below the top edge of the page).
The text will automatically wrap to the correct position when typing.